Permanent exhibition

From the historical perspective, the Peršman farmstead is both a residential home and a crime scene. Today, it is a place of commemoration, too. The starting point of the exhibition is the history of the Sadovnik family, who were living on the Peršman farmstead. Their everyday rural life is depicted as well as the war crime, whose victims they became on 25 April 1945, and the judicial history. Biographical aspects regarding the individual family members are at the central focus of the museum.

Based on the history of the Sadovnik family, the museum tells the story of the Carinthian Slovenes, with the focus on persecution and resistance, taking the historical background from the turn of the century until 1938, as well as the history of the postwar era into account.


Topics of the exhibition

Period 1900–1938
situation of the Carinthian Slovenes at the beginning of the 20th century
WW I and collapse of the monarchy
border fighting – “defensive battle” and “fight for the northern border”
referendum and its political impact
politics of assimilation and Germanization
oppressions between WW I and WW II

Period 1938–1941
the year 1938 and the Carinthian Slovenes’ referendum conduct
situation of the minority after the “Anschluss”
outline of the Nazi policy towards Carinthian Slovenes
Germanization, oppressions and persecution
invasion of the German Reich in Yugoslavia

Period 1941/42–1945
deportation in April 1942
camp Ebenthal/Žrelski
deported Carinthian Slovenes in the camps of the Resettlement Office for Ethnic Germans
Carinthian Slovenes in concentration and extermination camps
Carinthian Slovenes in concentration camps for adolescents
everyday life in camps and survival strategies
paths towards resistance
basics and organization structure of the partisan combat
survival routine of a partisan
women in combat
women and children in the partisan combat
civilian population in the partisan combat
fight against partisans
the SS and Police regiment 13
the massacre of the Peršman family
end of war and liberation

Period 1945–1990
situation of Carinthian Slovenes 1945–1955
Bad Eisenkappel/Železna Kapla in 1947
judicial history of the Peršman massacre
coming to terms with cultural and historical events, focusing on the Peršman farmstead
history of the memorial